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desireless
五花兰寿的颜色等级
此贴发表者: 巴蜀金鱼



令人眼花缭乱的金鱼品种里面,最深得我心的就属丹顶虎头和五花兰寿了。丹顶虎头(许氏鹅头红)的FANS历来就很多,我想它的品种纯度以后一定会达到一个令人满意的程度。但是五花就不一样了,这种体色的基因类型就决定了它,在相当长的时间里,不管怎莫提纯,子代都会出现跟亲本不同的体色来。

日本的江户锦跟五花兰寿性质上还是区别的,所以也没什麽可借鉴。下面就我自己的喜好结合国内一些传统观点,来探讨一下五花兰寿的颜色等级吧:


第一等:红头蓝底黑芝麻寿
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这个不用说,大家都熟悉。有把这种叫“麒麟”的,传说中麒麟是五彩斑斓的瑞兽。呵呵,排第一等,应该不会有意见吧



第二等:蓝底五花寿
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国内的传统,五花是有蓝底的为上,尽管颜色分布没有第一等规范,但只要有鲜明的蓝底,还是应该强出那些没蓝底的,所以排二等。遵上例,我给他个外号叫“辟邪”吧。



第三等:粉面浅底黑芝麻寿
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这一种整体颜色比较浅,看起来比较素雅大方。蓝底色浅得接近白色,若有若无。身上的墨点一般不会连在一起。头茸的颜色一般是粉白色或者橙红色,当然会有一些杂色在头上。遵上两例,付外号“雪豹”。



第四等:玉面金衣黑芝麻寿
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没有蓝底的五花,只要颜色别致,也未必不能吸引人。干净的粉色头茸,身披橙色底色,散布着圆形的黑斑,翘着黑色的尾巴。就好像一只梅花鹿,这种不妨叫它“花鹿”吧,虽然梅花鹿的斑点是白的,但是起外号要符合瑞兽系列,哈哈。



第五等:虎皮花寿
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虎皮花也很常见,不用多说。起名“瑞虎”,可以起到支持国产汽车品牌的作用,呵呵,开个玩笑娱乐一下。



这几个等级划分里,没有包括一些整体颜色比较纯的,比如白底小红斑或者橙白色掺混的,那已经不是五花的范畴了,虽然五花的后代里也会出那样的鱼。
desireless
Colour Grading of the Calico Ranchu
Original Author: 巴蜀金鱼
(This is the re-re-redirect of the original article. Anyone who can find the link to the original article pls let me know)


In the dazzling world of goldfish, what fascinate me are the Tancho Lionhead and Calico Ranchu. The community of connoisseurs of the tancho lionhead (the famous "Xu" line, pronounced as "she") has always been a very large one, hence I think the genetic stability of this line will reach a satisfactory level in a matter of time. But it is not the same case for calico ranchu. Due to its colour gene types, no matter how much effort is taken to perfect the line, the offsprings will always look different from the parent fishes.

The Japanese nishikigoi and calico ranchu are different in many ways, hence there is no reference to the categorisation and grading of the calico pattern in goldfish. Based on the chinese cultural views and beliefs, I will try to categorise and grade the different calico patterns in ranchu.


Grade 1: Red-Headed Blue-Based Sesame-Dot Ranchu
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This is the pattern that everyone is familiar with. Many people name this type of ranchu as "qilin" (or the commonly-known Japanese beer "Kirin"). In chinese fables, Kirin is a colourful mythical creature of good omen, hence I place this calico pattern as grade 1.

Examples:





Reference to Kirin:
http://javewu.multily.com/photos/album/294
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qilin


Grade 2: Blue-Based Calico Ranchu
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It is a widely accepted that blue-based calico ranchu are held with the highest regards. Even if there is no fixed allocation of colours, so long as there is a striking blue based pattern, it will surpass those without such blue base. Hence, I ranked this type of common blue-based calico ranchu as grade 2. I shall name it as BiXie (Also known as: "PiXiu"). The more commonly used name is "貔貅" (Pí Xiū) but it has other names like "天祿" (Tiān Lù) and "辟邪" (Bì Xíe)

Examples:




Reference to Pixiu:
http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/23687899.html?fr=qrl
http://javewu.multiply.com/photos/album/291


Grade 3:Pink-Faced Faded-Based Black Sesame-Dot Ranchu
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Generally, the colour of this type is less striking, but looks more gracious in a way. The blue-based colour is vaguely scattered and faded making it close to white in colour. The black portion does not normally lump together. The wens colour is mostly pinkish-white or orange in colour, and of course will have traces of other colours as well. I shall nickname this type as "Snow Leopard"

Examples



Grade 4: Jade-Faced Golden-Cloat Black Sesame Dot Ranchu
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Such calico pattern has no traces of blue-based colour. As long as the colour is unique, it is still attractive. Such ranchus bear a pinkish wens, and orange based body, with black dots scattered around. The tail is always black in colour, just like a "Sika Deer". Let's just call it "Deer". Although the spots on deers are white in colour, we need to fit an animal in the the series of "auspicious beast". (Deers are regarded as auspicious animal among chinese)

Examples:




Grade 5: Tiger-skin Calico Ranchu
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Needless to say, Tiger-skin calico ranchus are quite common. Let us call it "Propitious Tiger"

Examples:






Please note that these above gradings do not include those sakura-coloured nacreous scale type as they do not belong to the calico family. But it is known that certain percentage of offsprings from calico-coloured parent fishes will be sakura-coloured.
bekko
Thanks Desireless. That is very useful.

-steve
Kinder
Thanks Desireless!

Very much appreciated...at first i thought the post was in Chinese but thankful for the english version. This makes me appreciate my calicos even more.

Kinder
Kinder
Just wanted to share some pics of my Chinese Calico Ranchus.

My cam is gone for repairs...so pic quality not really gr8, comments are welcomed but warn you my goldfish are not of any high grade, they were sold as AA grade here and are about 6inch and have faults in their tails.

Red-Headed Blue-Based Sesame-Dot Ranchu in foreground and Tiger-skin Calico Ranchu in background

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Right Side View
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Front View - I like that Round Red Dot on wen
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Angled top view
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Kinder
Damo
Thanks Desireless. Very useful info. Will definely try to classify mine tonight
hermanto
I am very grateful for this translation. This really expanding my learning.
I am having some baby calicos of 1 months old, but still having trouble classifying them. Hopefully in the coming months they are easier to classify. Or I will ask friends here to help me classify smile.gif

calicoly
i really like the red dot on your calico ranchu kinder, it makes him or her stand out good_very.gif
lnicky
QUOTE(Kinder @ Fri, 15 Feb 2008 7:49 pm) *

Just wanted to share some pics of my Chinese Calico Ranchus.

....

Kinder


I like your tiger skin calico. Nice curve with thick body. Which one did you get from Sydney?
calicoly
looks like the ranchu got stamped wif a red circle on forhead keke
Kinder
QUOTE(lnicky @ Sun, 17 Feb 2008 6:29 pm) *

I like your tiger skin calico. Nice curve with thick body. Which one did you get from Sydney?



All of them are from TAO.

I prefer the blue based calico ranchu over the tiger pattern one. The tiger one has slightly bigger tale and its belly is a bit out of proportion to body size....once i get some decent pics i will post them then you can see what i mean....but out off all the tiger calico has the thickest back.....due to its x-large belly size i try to take extra care of this fella.

I dont know when TAO is gonna get next shipment of chinese ranchus, but i want to get rid of the red ranchu i have and the only male calico ranchu (which has a very big tale) ..... if i can get 2 decent male calicos from the next shipment.

Kinder
rvm
mine is a grade 1 smile.gif

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Sonny
This is my calico ranchu. To me it looks like a Grade 2: Blue-Based Calico Ranchu. I believe it also exhibits some 'Sesame Dots'. unsure.gif I really like this fish even though he's got a wimpy wen.

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clm2206

Hi all bros,

A bit confused about these two commonly used terms. As far as I knew, calico is a tricolor patched goldfish (or cat, for instance), that has a mix of matte scales and some pearly scales. On the other hand, the term sakura is commonly used to refer a goldifsh with predominance of matte scales. From this point of view, all calico goldfish are sakura, but not all sakuras are calicos. This is the common point of view here and by the way is also my point of view, as you can see in the recent goldrush post about his calico that switched to sakura.

However, there are people that names calico to any fish that has both matte and nacreous scales, no matter how many colours it has. So you can (for instance) have an orange fish with predominance of matte scales, and these people will say this is a calico fish, which for me is not true.

Any thoughts?
goldrush
maybe this Chinese Color grading can help you understand more about calico


http://www.rafflesgold.com/forums/index.ph...ic=5642&hl=
LASERGUY
Generally, sakura refers to a calico with only red/white colouration on the entire fish.
When there are any black spots appear on the body or tail, strictly speaking it should be classified back as calico.
goldrush
I think most Sakuras originate from Calico after losing their blacks. rusure.gif

This is one good Sakura

Kinder
ooh i like the look of this sakura.....nice!
Gorgeous and matching tail and head colour...with marbled body....very neat i must say.

Did sakura ranchus ..... originate (term used loosely) from japan? Or just the word sakura.

Kinder
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